Motivation Theories – Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is simply a ranked structure of behavioural stimuli that try to explain motivation. It is one of the Content Theories of motivation.

Maslow describes BIOGENIC and PSYCHOGENIC needs.

BIOGENIC needs – biological determinants of behaviour.
PSYCHOGENIC needs – emotional or psychological determinants of behaviour.

He described two “higher order needs.” These are:

- The need for freedom of inquiry and expression: for social conditions permitting free speech and encouraging justice, fairness and honesty.
- The need for knowledge and understanding: to gain and order knowledge of the environment, to explore, learn and experiment.

Maslow’s hierarchy is as follows

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Physiological needs – food, shelter.
Safety needs – security, order, predictability, freedom from threat.
Love/Social needs – for relationships, affection, belonging.
Esteem needs – for independence, affection, belonging.
Self Actualisation – fulfillment of personal potential

Each level of need is dominant until satisfied. A need which has been satisfied no longer motivates a person. However, according to Malsow, the need for self-actualisation can never be satisfied.

Return from Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to Definition of Motivation Home

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Other Books By Dr. Moses:

Power Principles For Purposeful Living

"Powerful And Life-Changing Lessons On How To Maximise Your Potential And Live Your Dreams"

Power Principles For Purposeful Living_Dr Moses Simuyemba

See it on Amazon

Power Principles for Fearless & Abundant Living

"How To Let Go of Fear and Embrace Prosperity"

Power Principles for Fearles & Abundant Living_Dr. Moses Simuyemba

See it on Amazon

In the POWER PRINCIPLES series of books, Dr. Moses Simuyemba, "Africa's Success Coach", shares his knowledge, experience and insight to help you in overcoming your personal challenges and limitations and inspire you towards the life you desire and deserve: a life of greater purpose, free of fear and full of abundance.